高级中学越南语必修2Unit三解析科学技术

使教育进程成为1种格局的事业

教学背景

本单元话题——总计机(computer)俗称电脑,是20世纪起头进的科技发明之一,对全人类的生产活动和社会活动产生了极其主要的震慑,并以强大的精力快捷发展。它的应用领域从最初的大军科学商量使用扩充到社会的种种领域,已形成了局面巨大的电脑产业,带动了环球限量的技巧提高,由此吸引了深刻的社会变革,总结机已遍及1般高校、企事业单位,进入常常百姓家,成为音讯社会中不可缺少的工具。

劳苦追踪

1.In pairs discuss what they have in common.(P17)

难句解读

多人一组,研商它们有哪些共同之处。

have sth. in common (with sb. or sth.)

意为“与……有(想法、兴趣、特征等)相同之处”(=to have the same interests,
attitudes etc as sb. else ; to share the same features, characteristics
etc as sth. else)。相关词组有:have nothing in common无共同之处;have
little in common大约无共同之处;have something in
common有部分共同之处;have a lot in common有无数共同之处。

例如:

Hip-hop and raphave much in common withblues and rock, but they also
have their own characteristics.

嘻哈乐和乡村音乐乐与Bruce和说唱有很多共同之处,不过它们也都有个别的特色。

I found Ihad a lot in common withthese people.

笔者意识作者跟这几个人有不少相同之处。

Jane and Ihave nothing in commonin character./Ihave nothing in common
withJane in character.

自家与简在性情上从未有过丝毫共同之处。

难题深究

留意in common和in common with的用法分化:in
common意为“共同的;共有的;共用的”(=for or by all of a group)。in common
with sb./sth. 意为“与……相同;像……一样”(= (formal) in the same way as
sb. or sth.),用于规范场地,口语中可用like替换。

例如:

The swimming pool is usedin commonby all the children in the
neighborhood.

这么些游泳池是社区儿女共用的。

Britain,in common with(=like) many other industrialized countries, has
experienced major changes over the last 100 years.

与如10草芥任何工业化国家一样,英国在过去拾0年里经历了严重性转变。

In common with(=Like) my teammates, I enjoy staying home reading novels
when I am on holiday.

和本身的伙伴们壹律,放假时,作者爱好呆在家里看随笔。

2.Do you know in what ways computers are used today? Work out a list and
compare it with your partner.(P17)

难句解读

您通晓近日总括机使用在哪些方面吗?拟定2个(电脑使用领域的)清单,然后与合作进行相比较。

what ways

是先行词,关系词that 或in which被不难。当the way
做先行词,其后跟定语从句时,指引定语从句的关系词有二种接纳:that ,in
which或并非关系代词。类似的结构有:Do you know in whose office she
works?(你了然他在何人的手下干活呢?)

work out

此处意为“详细拟定(安顿、方案等);全面地想出”(=to think carefully about
how you are going to do something and plan a good way of doing it)。

例如:

UN negotiators haveworked outa set of compromise proposals.

联合国斡旋职员详细拟定了一套和平解决方案。

We need towork outhow we’re going to get there.

咱们须求详细地思量怎么去那儿。

I had it allworked out(=had made very careful
plans).那件事自己1度周全地计划。

难点深究

work out常用的意义还有:

①“计算;计算出”(=to do a calculation to get an answer to a mathematical
question)。例如:

We need to work out the total cost of the
project.大家供给计算出那么些工程的总造价。

二“陶冶身体;做活动”(=to do physical exercises to make your body fit and
strong)。

例如:

Davidworks outin the gym two or three times a week.

大卫每全面健身房磨炼两到3次。

3.Over time I have been changed quite a lot.(P18)

难句解读

乘机时光的延期,笔者已被转移了重重。

have been changed

是今后达成时的被动语态(本单元的要害语法项目),表示多少个颓唐动作已经到位。over
time意为“随着时间的推迟”(=as time passes)。

句中(quite) a lot用作副词,修饰谓语动词have been
changed,表示程度,意思是“很;十分”(=very much or very often)。

例如:

Thingshave changeda lot since I was a
child.自孩提时期起,世事已经变更很多。

I play badmintonquite a lot(=very often) with David in the summer.

小编夏季常跟戴维打羽球。

a lot还是能用作代词,意思是“多量;许多”(=a large number or amount)。

例如:

She still hasanawfullot(=a very large amount) to learn.

他要学的东西还多着呢。

相对地,a lot of (=lots
of)则用作限定词(determiner),意为“多量的;许多”(=a large number or
amount of),可修饰不可数名词或可数名词复数情势。

例如:

He doesa lot oftravelling in his job.

他的干活索要常常外出。

He earnslots ofmoney.

他受益不菲。

难点深究

over是介词,在本句中意味时间,意为“在……时期;在……中平素”(=during
something; while doing something)。

例如:

Can we talk about thisoverdinner?

咱俩边吃边谈可以吗?

Overa period of ten years he stole a million pounds from the company.

10年时间里,他挪用了铺面十0万基金。

It’s fascinating to watch how a baby changes and developsovertime (=as
time passes).

瞅着小娃娃一天天变化长大,真是有趣极了。

4.Although I was young I could simplify difficult sums.(P18)

难句解读

固然小编年纪十分小,可作者能够简化复杂的算术运算。

simplify

意为“简化;使简易”(=to make something less complicated and therefore
easier to do or
understand)。其同根词是simple(adj.简单的),simplification(n.简化),simplified(adj.简化的;简写的)。

-(i)fy是动词后缀,常加在形容词后组合动词,表示“使……(化)”的情趣,如:purify(净化),solidify(使凝结),beautify(美化,使雅观)。

sum此处作“算术题;运算”解(=a simple problem that involves calculating
numbers)。

例如:

Complaints have led to (a)simplificationof the rules.

因为人们抱怨,规则简化了。

This is asimplifiedversion of the story for young children.

那是供孩子读书的好玩的事简写本。

I remember how much I hated doingsumswhen I was at school.

自作者依稀记得念书的时候有多讨厌做算术题。

难题深究

sum常用的含义还有:

①“金额;款项”(=an amount of money)。例如:

He owes me a large sum of money.(=He owes me a large amount of money.)
他欠本人一大笔钱。

②“和;总和;总数”(=the whole number or amount when two or more numbers
or amounts have been added together)。例如:

The sum of thirteen and eight is twentyone.13加8的和是21。

③“全部;一切”(=all of something)。

例如:

I’m afraid that’s the pitifulsumof my knowledge on the subject!

可能那就是自己对那门科目标全体所知了!

4 in sum“一言以蔽之”(=to sum up)。

例如:

The meeting was,in sum, a disaster.

一言以蔽之,这一次会议不佳透了。

5.I developed very slowly and it took nearly two hundred years before I
was built as an analytical machine by Charles Babbage.(P18)

难句解读

本身生长迟滞,大约到了两百余年后,查理·巴比奇才把自家制成了1台分析机。 “

It’s + some time + before

从句……”是永恒句型,在此句中意味是“过了多短时间……才……”。

例如:

Itmay bemany years beforethe situation improves.

那种情景恐怕要过无数年才能更改。

难点深究

before的多样含义和句型:

before
连词,表示“在……此前”。后接从句时,在区别的语境中,有相比灵活的翻译格局,如“趁……”、“还没来得及……就……”、“过了……才……”等。

例如:

She had leftbeforeI could say a word.

自作者还没赶趟开口她就走了。

Beforeshe could move, she heard a loud noise, which grew to a terrible
roar.

她还没来得及动弹,就听到有很响的鸣响,接着就成了骇人听他们说的轰鸣声。

It was longbeforeI saw her again.

过了很久作者才再度见到她。

留神下列句型的意义和用法:

It took/was long before…过了很久才……

It won’t take/be long before…不久就会……

It didn’t take/wasn’t long before…不久就……

It will take/be long before…要过很久才……

before long不久(单独作状语)

long before很久从前(可单独作状语,也可教导句子作状语)

It’s+时间+since/that/when/before句型用法的歧异:

It’s + some time +
since从句.“自从……以来已经多长期了”,since从句的时态必须是相似过去时。It’s

  • some time +
    that从句“……多长期了”,此为强调句型,去掉It’s和that之后,剩下部分必须是个全体的语句。It’s
  • some time +
    when从句.“……是在有些时刻”。when从句是定语从句,要求从句的时态和主句的时态对应。It’s
  • some time +
    before从句“过了多长期……才……”,before从句的时态必须是相似过去时。

例如:

It’s ten years sinceI graduated.

从今笔者结业的话,已经10年了。

It was not untilshe got home that Jennifer realized she had lost her
keys.

直到回家了,Jennifer才意识到钥匙丢了。

It was ten yearsagowhenI graduated.

自作者结束学业是在10年前。

It was ten years beforeI graduated.

过了10年后,小编才结束学业。

6.At that time it was considered a technological revolution and the
start of my “artificial intelligence”.(P18)

难句解读

在马上,此举被看作3回技术上的革命,也被看做是自笔者(电脑)“人工智能”的起来。

technological revolution

技术革命;artificial intelligence人工智能(=an area of study concerned
with making computers copy intelligent human behavior)。technological
形容词,意为“技术上的”;technology 名词“技术”。artificial
形容词,意为“人工的;人造的;假的(=not real; made or produced to copy
sth. natural)”。

例如:

artificial flowers/artificial fertilizer/limbs/pearls

假花/人工肥/假肢/假珍珠。

困难深究

consider在本句的趣味是“认为……是……;把……看作……”(=to believe sb. or sth.
to be, or think of them as),平时的铺垫是consider+sb./sth.+(to be)+n. or
adj.或consider+sb./sth.+(as)+n.。

consider另二个常用含义是“仔细思索;细想”(=to think about something
carefully, especially before making a choice or
decision),作此义解时后可接名词、代词、动名词或从句作宾语。

例如:

He is currentlyconsidered(to be/as) the best British athlete.

方今,人们觉得她是英帝国最棒的健儿。

It isconsidered(to be) bad manners in some cultures to speak with your
mouth full of food.

在少数文化中,口含食品讲话被视为未有礼貌。

Have youconsideredwhat you’ll do if you don’t get the job?

要是获得那份工作,你思量过将做些什么?

We’reconsideringselling the house.

咱俩在思索卖掉那栋房子。

“把……看作……;认为……是……”的表明方式:

consider…as…=think of…as…=look
on…as…=regard…as…=treat…as…=have…as…=count…as…=view…as…=take…as…

“考虑”的表明格局:

consider sth.=take sth. into consideration=take sth. into account=take
account of sth.

“思索到……”句型表明法:

① Considering(考虑到)+名词/that-从句+……,+主句;

② Allowing for(考虑到)+名词……,+主句;

③ Given(考虑到)+名词/that-从句+……,+主句;

④ Seeing that-从句(考虑到/由于)+……,+主句。

例如:

Consideringhe’s only just started, he knows quite a lot about it.

设想到她只是刚刚初阶,他对此的询问已经重重了。

It will take about an hour to get there,allowing fortraffic delays.

怀念到交通阻塞,到那里大概需求一时辰。

7.In 1936 my real father, Alan Turing, wrote a book about how I could be
made to work as a “universal machine” to solve any difficult
mathematical problem.(P18)

难句解读

在一九三九年,笔者实在的生父,Alan·图灵写了一本书,讲述了什么能使自身变成一台“通用机械”来消除别的数学难点。

be made to do…

是make sb do…的被动结构,使用中要留意不要掉了to。

例如:

The prisonersare made todig holes and fill them in again.

这个犯人被迫挖坑然后再用土回填。

work as=act as=serve as 充当;担任

例如:

Sheworks asa consultant for a design company.

他在一家设计集团担任咨询顾问。

solve 化解;解答(= to find an answer to a
problem)。solve的名词方式是solution,意思是“化解措施”(=a way of
solving a problem or dealing with a difficult
situation),使用时前面接介词to。

例如:

Just calm down — shouting won’tsolveanything!

冷静下来啦,大喊大叫是行不通的。

There’s no easysolutionto this problem.

那道题不简单解答。

困难深究

universal意思是“普遍的;通用的;宇宙的”(=existing everywhere or
involving everyone)。

例如:

Such problems are auniversalfeature of old age.

那类难题是中年老年年人的弱项。

The new reforms have not met withuniversalapproval within the
government.

这个改良的新举动,在内阁内部并从未获取周边的认可。

settle与solve的区别:

双面都有“消除”的意趣,但settle的化解对象往往是某种方式的纠纷,solve的缓解对象则是叁个须求提交答案的题材。如:settle
an issue/a quarrel/a matter, solve a problem/a puzzle等。

8.From then on, I grew rapidly both in size and in brainpower.(P18)

难句解读

从那时起,笔者任由个头依然大脑体积都神速增强。

from…on

意为“从……时起”(=starting from the time mentioned and continuously after
that)。

例如:

Fromnowon(=From this moment and always in the future) you can work on
your own.

从现在起你能够独立工作。

She never spoke to him againfromthat dayon.

从那天起她再没和她说话。

9.As a result I totally changed my shape.(P18)

难句解读

为此,笔者曾经完全改观了自作者的造型。

as a result

意为“因此,所以”,表结果。as a result of意为“因为”,表原因 。

例如:

As a result, we have to water the vegetable garden.

因此大家不得不给菜地浇水。

After burners have to be used.As a resultfuel consumption is heavier.

只好选用加力点火室,结果燃料消耗量增加了。

As a result, costs will be reduced by as much as 90%.

据此,费用会下跌多达十分之九。

He didn’t work hard,as a resulthe failed his exam.

她不用功,结果试验比不上格。

He was lateas a resultof the snow.

鉴于小寒他迟到了。

Five hundred jobs were axedas a resultof government spending cuts.

是因为内阁裁减经费的原委,有伍百人被突然解雇了。

困难深究

与result相关的短语还有:

get a result 达到目标;

in result因此,结果;

in the result结果,后来;

without result徒劳地,毫无结果地,无效地;with the result
that从而;由此;结果是;

result in   导致,结果为;

result from因为,源自

10.I have even been put into space rockets and sent to explore the Moon
and Mars.(P18)

难句解读

自己棉被服装进了航天火箭并被发射上天探索月球和火星。

explore

做动词,意思是“探索;探测;探究;勘探;考察”(= to search and discover
about something;to think or talk about something in order to find out
more about it)。

例如:

I’m going toexplorethe possibility of a part  time job.

自家要追究一下非正式全职的自由化。

The best way toexplorethe countryside is on foot.

着眼潘集区无与伦比是徒步。

exploration n.探索;探测;探究;勘探

例句:

Livingstone was the first European to make anexplorationof the Zambezi
river.

里维Stone是首先个勘查赞比西河的欧洲人。

11.Anyhow, my goal is to provide humans with a life of high
quality.(P18)

难句解读

无论怎么样,小编的靶子正是给人类提供高品质的生活。

anyhow

作副词,意思是“无论怎样;不管怎样;尽管那样;反正”。作此义解时,与anyway可换用。

例如:

This wasn’t my fault,anyway.

左右那不是自作者的偏向。

It doesn’t make any difference because we are going to be lateanyway.

那并未多大关系,反正大家要迟到了。

provide sb. with sth.=provide sth. for sb.为……提供……

例如:

We have concerns about whether the government will be able
toprovidesocial servicesforpoorer families.

=We have concerns about whether the government will be able
toprovidepoor familieswithsocial services.

咱俩关切的是政坛是不是为贫困家庭提供社会扶助。

goal  目的,目标;(足球等的)球门;(进球)得分

例如:

They achieved theirgoalof increasing sales by five percent.

她们落到实处了销售额增加百分之五的指标;

Only onegoalwas scored in the entire match.全场竞赛只进了多个球。

Brazil won by threegoals to one.

巴西队以三∶一的比分制伏。

I scored the firstgoalin the game.

本人进了较量的第四个球。

难题深究

be+of+抽象名词”结构分析:

塞尔维亚语中,“of+抽象名词”结构约等于三个形容词,常用来描述人或事物的品质、特征,在句中可看做表语、定语或宾补。用于该组织的抽象名词经常有benefit,importance,use,value,help,significance等。这一个名词前可用great,much,little,no等修饰,表示程度。

例如:

The animals are of great importance to people.=The animals are very
important to people.

这一个动物对大千世界11分重大(of+great/much+抽象名词=very+形容词)。

You will find this book of great use in learning English.

您会发现那本书对学阿尔巴尼亚语很有效应(句中of great use作宾语补足语)。

“be+of+抽象名词”结构中,还是能跟size,height,age,colour,price,kind,type,shape等名词,表示主语的特色。这个名词未有对应的形容词情势,因而不可能用“be+形容词”结构替换。但当“of+a/an”修饰“age(年龄)”、“size(尺寸)”、“price(价格)”时,可用(of)
the same替换。

例如:

They were of an age.(=They were of the same age.)

他们年龄同样大。

The two goods are of a price.(=The two goods are the same price.)

那二种商品价格相同。

12.I am now truly filled with happiness that I am a devoted friend and
helper of the human race!(P18)

难句解读

近期本身浑身充盈着成为人类的忠实朋友和帮助办公室的幸福感!

devoted

形容词,意为“忠实的;忠诚的;挚爱的”(=extremely loving and loyal to
sb./sth.)。

例如:

They aredevotedto their children.

她们厚爱着自身的孩子。

Lucy is adevotedfan to Michael Jackson.

Lucy是Michael·杰克逊的忠实观众。

困难深究

devote动词,意为“献身于……;致力于……;专心于……”(=to give all of
something, especially your time, effort or love, or yourself, to
something you believe in or to a person),常用于devote sth. to
sth./sb.结构。

例如:

He left government todevotemore timetohis family.

她辞掉官职,以便能有愈多时光跟亲朋好友在同步。

She hasdevotedall her energies/lifetothe care of homeless people.

他把全副的生命力/整个终身都从事于对无家可归人们的关怀。

13.He used to download information from the Internet and made good use
of it.(P20)

难句解读

不时从网上下载音讯并加以运用。

download

动词,意为“下载”(= to copy or move programs or information into a
computer’s memory, especially from the Internet or a larger computer)。

upload

动词,意为“上传”(=to copy or move programs or information to a larger
computer system or to the Internet)。

例如:

Danny often plays games that aredownloadedfree from the Internet.

丹妮日常玩从网上免费下载的玩耍。

make use of  利用(= to use something that is available)。

make the most of=make the best of=make good/full use of=take full
advantage of  足够利用;好好利用

例如:

We might as wellmake use ofthe hotel’s facilities.

大家无妨采取饭馆的装备。

Until recently, scientists were unable tomakefulluse ofantibody power.

到方今截至,化学家们还无法接纳抗体的能力。

You shouldmake the most ofthe fine weather.你应该充裕利用那样的好天气。

Chances are precious and should bemade the most of.

机丧命得,应当足够加以运用。

困难深究

make构成的短语有:

make room for为……腾出地点;

make sense有意义;

make a difference有关系,有影响;

make a hit很成功,备受欢迎;

make ends meet使入能敷出,使收入和支出相抵;

make up组成,编造,化妆;

be made up of由……组成;

make up for弥补;

make for向……走去,有助于……

14.For example, I have learned to signal to my teammates in computer
language to give me the ball when I am open and have a good shot for a
goal.(P23)

难句解读

譬如说,当笔者开着的时候,笔者能够用总括机语言向队员示意打球传给笔者,那样笔者得以好好射一个球。

signal

作动词,意为“发信号;示意”(=to make a sound or action in order to give
information or tell someone to do something)。

作名词,意为“信号”(=a sound or action that you make in order to give
information to someone or tell them to do something)。

例如:

Shesignaledto the cars behind that they were going the wrong way.

她表示前边的车辆走错了方向。

Hesignaledto the waiter for the bill./He gave a signal to the waiter for
the bill.

她示意服务员结账。

困难深究

专注mark, symbol ,sign ,signal八个词的界别:

mark
强调东西的记号,一般是指用眼睛能够一直看看的,例如书上的、黑板上的;

symbol壹般是指代表意义性的阐明,不过实物也有望是虚有的;

sign多指不可知的,很普遍的一句话“give me a sign”,sign 强调解的人为的标记 ;

signal也是抽象不可知的,多是表“功率信号”的意趣,如danger sinal。

例如:

The spilt coffee has left amarkon the table cloth.

洒出来的咖啡在桌布上留下了印渍。

Blue is asymbolof peace.

浅莲灰是和平的意味。

The cross is thesymbolof Christianity .

十字架是道教的象征。

A red light is usually asignalof danger.

红灯平日是朝不保夕功率信号。

David loves his car very much. He will take his car to a garage  at the
firstsignof problem.

大卫万分爱抚车子,车子一有点题材的迹象及时就送到汽修厂。

15.They had developed a new type of program just before the
competition.(P23)

难句解读

她俩恰在较量前研制了三个新程序。

type

作名词时,意为“类型”;它作动词时,意为“打字”。

例如:

This is a newtypeof machine, with lots of meters on it.

那是一种前卫的机器, 上边有不少计量器。

Will you pleasetypethis letter for me?

您帮笔者打一下那封信好吧?

难题深究

注意type和 kind的区别:

type代表各项事物在本类中都以独立的;

kind特指在分拣中能放在一块儿的本性相同且一般的1类东西。

16.In a way, our programmer is like my coach.(P23)

难句解读

从某种程度上看,我们的程序员仿佛我们的训练。

in a/one way

意为“在某种程度上, 从某种意义上说”。

例如:

In a way, his English has improved.

从某种程度上来说,他的西班牙语有发展。

不难与之混淆的短语是:in the way  造成,阻碍

例如:

In a way, I like this new textbook very much.

从某种程度上说,作者很喜爱那本新课本。

I’m afraid your bike isin the way.

想必你的车子挡着道了。

难题深究

与way 相关的短语还有:

on the/one’s way (to)   在(去……)的路上;

by the way   顺便提一下 ;

in no way  自始自终,完全地;

in this way  用那种方法。

17.Then she prepares reliable moves to use if a new situation
arises.(P23)

难句解读

下一场,假诺新图景出现,她(电脑程序员)就会准备利用可信赖的运动方法。

move

名词,此处意为“(机器人竞技前)移动地点;走法(=an act of changing the
position in a game)。

例如:

The game was over in only sixmoves.

只接触了6步,竞技就谢世了。

arise (arose, arisen)

作比不上物动词,意为“起来;上涨;出现”(= if a problem or difficult
situation arises, it begins to happen;if something arises from or out
of a situation, it is caused or started by that
situation)。常常的选配是arise from/out of由……而引起;
由……而产生;(烟等)从……升起。

例如:

Accidents canarisefrom (=result from) carelessness.

意外交事务故大概因忽视而引起。

Smokearosefrom the chimney.

烟从烟囱升起。

A new problem hasarisen.

并发了多个新题材。

难点深究

注意arise, rise, raise, arouse的区别:

arise表示“出现,发生”,1般指倒霉的工作,比如,危险出现了,不好的后果产生了,能够用那一个词。rise
是未有物动词,前边不能够加宾语,未有被动语态,意为“升起;回升;增进;起身”。
raise
是及物动词,后边肯定要加宾语,意思很多,有“抚养、举起”等情趣。arouse经常比喻心理方面包车型地铁“激发”。

例如:

Serious complications mayarisefrom this sudden change of plans.

愈演愈烈的安排大概会招致惨重的裂痕

Prices haverisenquickly.

物价连忙回涨了。

More problems like those at the nuclear power plant are certain toarise.

更加多的像在核电厂出现的那样的题材自然会发生。

The lies he heard about his friendarousedhis anger.

听见有人对他对象造谣,激起了她的义愤。

18.After all, with the help of my electronic brain which never forgets
anything, using my intelligence is what Im all about.(P23)

难句解读

无论怎样,在自己过目不忘的电子脑的协助下,运用智能正是笔者的全部。

after all

意为“终归;毕竟;要知道;归根结蒂”(=in spite of what has been said,
done or expected),可放置句首或句末。with the help of…/with one’s
help意为“在……的增派下”。

例如:

Don’t be angry with him.After allhe is only a child.

别生他的气,他毕竟只是个子女。

He is certain to come.After all, he has already accepted our invitation.

她肯定会来,要知道他早就接受了我们的特约。

I had thought I was going to fail the exam, but I passed itafter all.

固然自身原以为考试会不如格,但聊到底小编依然及格了。

I’ve improved my English greatlywith Tom’s help.

在汤姆的帮忙下,作者的法语水平大有增加。

With the help ofcomputer, you may not find it hard to deal with and
share information.

在电脑的帮衬下,你会意识处理和分享音信是一举成功的。

难题深究

注意above all,first of all,in all,at all,after all的辨异:

above all意为“尤其是;主要的是”(相当于most important of
all),强调重要。

first of all意为“首先”,强调次序。in all意为“总共;总结”。

at all用于否定句是代表“根本;全然”;用于疑问句时表示“终归”。

after all意为“毕竟”。

例如:

He is strong, brave and,above all, honest.

她健康、勇敢、更紧要的是他言之凿凿。

First of all, we must find a room to live in.

率先,大家务必找间房子住。

There are thirtyin allin the party who will travel to Lanzhou.

赴南宁的旅游团总共有30个人。

She doesn’t careat all.

他历来不在乎。

Don’t talk too much about him.After all, he is a child.

关于她的事务绝不说了,他毕竟还是个儿女。

注意electronic/electric/electrical的辨异:

electronic“电子的”;electric“电的,电动的”,表示由电操控或由电发生的;electrical“电的”,表示与电关于的,如:电气科学的。

19.This means that it should clean the house, mop the floors, cook the
dinner and deal with the telephone calls.(P24)

难句解读

那就意味着类人机器人得做卫生,拖地板,煮饭,接听电话。

deal with

意为“处理;处置;对付;应付;涉及;论述;与某人有应酬商业等关系”。

例如:

How are you going todeal withthe water pollution of this area?

你们打算怎么着处理当地点的邋遢难点?

He won’t be able todeal withall kinds of complicated situations.

他应付不了各样复杂的事态。

Advances in medical science also allow us todeal withnew diseases, such
as SARS.

工学的上扬也使大家能够治疗新的病痛,比如非典型性肺水肿。

The next chapterdeals withverbs.

下1章阐述动词。

This bookdeals withan important issue.

那本书论及3个不可缺少的标题。

We don’tdeal withterrorists.

我们不与恐怖分子打交道。

困难深究

do with的意思和用法:

壹“处理;处置;对付”。在疑难句中,常与what搭配使用。

②与can和could连用,相当于need或want,意思是“需要,想要(某物)”。

例如:

You look as if youcould do witha good night’s
sleep.你看来需求好好睡1晚。

三意为“无法经受”(can’t do with sb./sth.=can’t tolerate sb./sth.)。

例如:

Ican’t do withloud music.=I can’t tolerate loud
music.笔者受不住喧闹的音乐。

④表示“与…有关”,用于have sth./anything/nothing to do with结构。

例如:

Her jobhas something to do withtelephone.她的工作与电话有关。

deal with与do with用法辨析:

双方都有“处理;处置;对付”之意。分歧在于:deal
with中deal是未有物动词,本人不要求宾语,故常与how连用;do
with中do为及物动词,须带宾语,故常和what连用。

例如:

You have to consider how todeal with/what to do with the material.

你得思量用那材料做什么样用。

What shall wedo withthe problem?/How shall we deal with the problem?

我们将什么处理那些题材?

20.It should also watch over my naughty niece, who comes to my house
very often.(P24)

难句解读

它也应当照顾好自家那调皮的女儿,她常到作者家闹腾。

watch over (sb./sth.)

是多个原则性短语,意思是“看管;照料;监护;珍视”(take care of)。

例如:

There must have been an angelwatching overme that day.

那天,一定是有位天使在保卫安全自家。

The prince has two bodyguardswatching overhim every hour of the day.

皇子壹天二拾四钟头都有两位保镖尊敬着。

困难深究

watch构成的短语拓展:

watch out=be careful/look out/take care当心,留意; watch out for=look
out for防患,提防,密切注意;  keep watch值班,看守,放哨; keep a close
watch on sb./sth.密切注意,密切监视,严密看守。

例如:

Watch out! There’s a car coming!

不容忽视!小车来了!

The customers are often reminded towatch out forthieves.

买主平日被唤醒要严防小偷。

The guardskeep a close watch onthe prisoners.

哨兵严密防守着囚犯。

参考书目:

张鑫友. 高级中学《葡萄牙共和国(República Portuguesa)语》教材讲与练: 人事教育课标版. 一年级[M].
江西科技社.

本文编辑:Joyce

编写制定助理:Jane

下期预先报告

人教版|必修2Unit4解析(一)

Wildlife protection知识点扫描

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